Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe, encompasses mountainous terrain, medieval villages and Muslim and Christian landmarks. Its countryside is marked by deep gorges, turquoise rivers and lakes, and the Dinaric Alps’ forests and crags. It's a popular destination for outdoor sports such as hiking, mountain biking, white-water rafting and skiing.


Geography
Bosnia and Herzegovina make up a triangular-shaped republic, about half the size of Kentucky, on the Balkan peninsula. The Bosnian region in the north is mountainous and covered with thick forests. The Herzegovina region in the south is largely rugged, flat farmland. It has a narrow coastline without natural harbors stretching 13 mi (20 km) along the Adriatic Sea.


Government
Emerging democracy, with a rotating, tripartite presidency divided between predominantly Serb, Croatian, and Bosnian political parties.


Boasting their amazing preservation of ancient traditions, and extensive and varied landscapes due to its location by the Southern Alps, Bosnia and Herzegovina are a hidden gem to add to the list for Europe trips for any avid adventurer, trekker and history lover. You will find here a meeting of Eastern and Western European culture coupled with a unique Bosnian touch to discover a culture you didn’t know existed. Bosnia and Herzegovina had been a crossroads of different ancient European civilizations, like the Ottomans and Byzantines. There, you will be able to get a peek into what life had been like in more ancient times, something so unfamiliar to us living in the 21st century.


Important and Interesting Facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Located in the Balkans, Bosnia and Herzegovina has borders with Croatia in the west and north, Serbia in the east, Montenegro in the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea very close in the southwest, with a small border or Croatia separating the two.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina is nicknamed the “Heart Shaped Land” due to the country’s slight heart shape.
  • Majority of the landscape in Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous and comprises of areas of karst (limestone).
  • Tuzla city in Bosnia derives its name from the word “tuz”, the Turkish work for salt. Tuzla’s salt comes from its salt water springs.
  • Sarajevo, the largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, hosted the 1984 Winter Olympic Games.
  • The highest peak is Maglic Mountain at 2,386 metres and is found in the Sutjeska National Park, the oldest park in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It includes the ancient forest of Perucica and the Sutjeska river canyon.
  • There are over 700,000 people that are visitors are travel to Bosnia and Herzegovina every year. According to the World Tourism Organization, it will have the third highest tourism growth rate worldwide from 1995 to 2020. Attractions include the city of Sarajevo, historical sites, national parks, or the different landscapes, lakes, and waterfalls.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina is a fertile country and can support growth of wheat, corn, fruits, and vegetables. In the Herzegovina region they grow figs, pomegranates, grapes, kiwis, rose hip, and mandarins. To the Northeast they use more than 50% of the land for agriculture.
  • Medjugorje is located in the mountains near Mostar. The small town is incredibly popular with Catholic pilgrims – millions of pilgrims have visited the site since 1981, when a small group of young people in the village began reporting seeing visions of the Virgin Mary on a nearby hillside.
  • One of the longest rivers of the Balkans is river Tara in Bosnia. Canyon of river Tara is a unique phenomenon in its depth of 1000 and 1300 meters in some places. It ranks just behind the Grand Canyon of Colorado River in the United States. River Tara has its average fall of 3.6m/km, and it makes whole bunch of waterfalls – rapids and cascades which give a big compliment to national park Durmitor, which River Tara belongs to.
  • Bosna i Hercegovina
    Босна и Херцеговина

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Flag Coat of arms
    Anthem: Intermeco
    Location of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Location of  Bosnia and Herzegovina (orange)
    on the European continent (white)
    Capital Sarajevo
    43°52′N 18°25′E
    Largest city capital
    Official languages Bosnian
    Croatian
    Serbian
    Government Federal democratic republic
     - High Representative Valentin Inzko1
     - Presidency members Željko Komšić2
    Bakir Izetbegović3
    Nebojša Radmanović4
     - Chairman of the Council of Ministers Nikola Špirić
    Independence  
     - First Mentioned De Administrando Imperio 950 
     - Banate 1154 
     - Kingdom 1377 
     - Independence lost
     to Ottoman Empire conquest
    1463 
     - Bosnian uprising 1831 
     - Jurisdiction transferred
     to Austro-Hungarian Empire
    1878 
     - Annexation of Bosnia by Austro-Hungarian Empire 1908 
     - National Day November 25, 1943 (ZAVNOBIH) 
     - Independence Day (from SFR Yugoslavia) March 1, 1992 
    Area
     - Total 51,129 km² (127th)
    19,741 sq mi 
    Population
     - 2010 estimate 3,843,126
     - 1991 census 4,477,053
     - Density 75/km²
    194/sq mi
    GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
     - Total $31.366 billion
     - Per capita $8,063
    GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
     - Total $18.294 billion
     - Per capita $4,702
    HDI  (2010) 0.710 (high)
    Currency Convertible Mark (BAM)
    Time zone CET (UTC+1)
     - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
    Internet TLD .ba
    Calling code +387
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